According to laws and regulations, authorities are obliged to plan fire safety requirements in detail in order to determine the necessary staff and resources for emergency response actions. These plans are based on scientific hazard analyses and risk assessments. Such evaluations include the analysis of response times, infrastructures and risks as well as elaborated concepts for the positioning of rescue means.
The calculation of the fire department areas is based on the location of fire and rescue stations, the transport network and speed profiles (determined within empirical studies). Alternatives are systematically compared in order to achieve the best possible result.
This analysis serves to examine the response times for fire safety and rescue services, which are regulated by state (»Länder«) laws. Response times can be analyzed based on a number of decision criteria, but the majority of planners evaluate the accessibility by surface area only. MobiKat supports the analysis of various criteria, assuming in general that the frequency of emergency response actions is equally distributed throughout the population. Based on this assumption, MobiKat evaluates the accessibility of the legally defined share of the population that can be reached within the response time.
The precision of these calculations can be freely chosen. Low resolutions are calculated in real time and can thus be used to assess the current situation. Higher resolutions are suitable for long-term planning – analyses with 1-meter resolution are possible.
For the response time analysis in fire safety planning, the model »critical house fire« is used. The fulfilment of both response times are evaluated separately and in combination with each other. The required resources for the fulfilment of the response time either can originate in one location, or can be gathered from several locations.
Control centers often use pre-calculated alarm and response orders for operational disposition. In customizable spatial resolution (administrative level, address, road section), alarm and response orders define the order of relief staff and resources to be alarmed for a certain site of operation. This order is determined using route calculations, in which vehicle types can also be taken into consideration.
Based on the Seveso-III regulation, companies dealing with hazardous materials (e.g. production sites of the chemical industry) are obliged to set up external emergency plans. These plans include potential impacts and response actions for various incident scenarios, such as cordoning measures, alternative routes and evacuation planning, all of which can be calculated with MobiKat modules.
One of MobiKat’s core competencies is to digitally support the command of diverse operations. The user can choose from different basic maps, which show a common operational picture using tactical signs. MobiKat is both suitable for smaller operations as well as the management of disasters such as floods or extreme weather situations. Arriving staff can be added in real time, e.g. when disaster situations are growing. All information, such as the real-time position of relief forces, are synchronized via the MobiKat server and can be accessed on all MobiKat devices – including mobile access via an app for Android.
With this synchronization, a common operational picture can be managed across command levels and organizations. The operational command is automatically documented by the system and can be exported afterwards as text protocol or video. A digital operation diary features additional explanations.
MobiKat works on all standard PCs, notebooks and tablet PCs, making it suitable for the mobile use in command vehicles of different sizes. With the MobiKat server, information levels can be synchronized at several mobile command posts.
If large quantities of water are needed, e.g. during forest fires in remote mountain areas, water has to be transported to the fire location over long distances. MobiKat assists firefighters in the optimal positioning of fire pumps. After selecting the available hose lengths and diameters and positioning the planned water transport route in the map, MobiKat visualizes the pressure characteristics and determines the ideal pump locations.
If a person goes missing in a forest or in agricultural areas, search strategies such as grid search, search and rescue along a path/trail or area search are employed. For all strategies, search teams are assembled. To coordinate search teams during a search and rescue along a path/trail, search routes can be calculated to ensure the equal workload of the teams and the optimal search duration.
Will the dam control the flood? How crowded is the space in front of the stage? In such situations, a visual impression can be helpful. The MobiKat camera systems, which can also be operated by battery, are in regular use during floods and public events. Using cellular data, these cameras send images from the site of operation to the command center at short intervals. The images are automatically archived and can be analyzed afterwards. In case a wireless or wired internet connection is available, livestreams are also possible.
Images from permanently installed cameras, e. g. in flood hazard areas, can be accessed by any web-enabled device using the MobiKat camera website.